Formic Acid 94%
Synonyms: Aminic acid; Methanoic acid; formylic acid; Hydrogencarboxylic acid
De: Ameisensäure Es: Ácido fórmico Fr: Acide formique
CAS No.: 64-18-6
EC No.: 200-579-1
Molecular Weight: 46.0256
Molecular Formula: CH2O2
Melting Point: 8.3 deg. C
Flash Point: 69 deg. C
Boiling Point: 100.7 deg. C
A major use of formic acid is as a preservative and antibacterial agent in livestock feed. It is applied on silage (incl. fresh hay) to promote the fermentation of lactic acid and to suppress the formation of butyric acid; it also allows fermentation to occur quickly, and at a lower temperature, reducing the loss of nutritional value. Formic acid inhibits certain decay processes and causes the feed to retain its nutrition longer. In the poultry industry, it is sometimes added to feed to kill E. coli bacteria. Use as preservative for silage and (other) animal feed constituted 30% of the global consumption in 2009. Formic acid is also significantly used in the production of leather incl. tanning (23% of the global consumption in 2009) and in dying and finishing of textile (9% of the global consumption in 2009) because of its acidic nature. Used as a coagulant in production of rubber, constituted 6% of the global consumption. Formic acid is also used for various cleaning products, such as limescale remover and toilet bowl cleaner.
|Formic Acid Purity||94.0% min.|
|Chlorides||30 ppm max.|
|Sulfates||10 ppm max.|
|Evaporation Residue||60ppm max.|
|Color (APHA)||10 max.|
|Appearance||colorless transparent liquid|
25kg/drum; 250kg/plastic drum; 1250kg/IBC, ISO tanks
Risks and Safety Information
Formic acid is regulated by UN as corrosive and flammable liquid.
Warning: Colorless liquid, may be fuming with a pungent, penetrating odor. HEAT SENSITIVE; HYGROSCOPIC; LACHRYMATOR
Hazard Class 8; UN# 1779; PG II
For more information, please see MSDS.